The "States need to strengthen the rule of law underpinning how they manage and protect migrants – for the benefit of their economies, their societies and migrants themselves," said UN chief in this report.
The adoption of this “Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration stands as one of our most important collective priorities for 2018,” added Antonio Guterres.
According to the UN, formal negotiations are planned to start in February on this matter. By the end of 2017, the United States announced their withdrawal from the elaboration of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, because of its provisions deemed contrary to Donald Trump’s migration policy.
For the secretary general, three important factors to be taken into account by the Member States in the definition of a strategy: a humanitarian approach focused on defending human rights, financial resources to define the status of migrants once the first humanitarian aid has been provided and finding credible options for migrants, who cannot claim refugee status while being unable to return to their country of origin.
"The Global Compact is an opportunity not only for the Member States, but also for the UN system to adopt a more ambitious approach for the management of migration," Antonio Guterres said in his report.
"Intense consultations on the UN approach on migration” would be held “all along 2018,"he announced.
Unlike the refugee issue, "there is no centralized capacity at the UN to manage migration" and the UN approach remains" fragmented" on this matter, stressed Antonio Guterres.
Lastly, he calls on developing a "positive" perception of migration within the Member States in order to fight against xenophobia and discrimination.